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Friday, April 1, 2016

Pebbles Anyone?

"Great information sent to me by a good friend"

Hey Charlie,

Yesterday I was out on horseback for about 4 hours. I did not drink water, only coffee, before that and was getting kinda thirty. I thought about the pebble in your mouth tip to keep saliva going. Have you did a post, likely a short one, addressing this old tip? and what type of rock to use. Saliva comes from your saliva gland next to the lymph nodes in your neck-jaw line. I'm thinking more of the mental support of having a moist mouth, rather than the discomfort of having a dry mouth. Also keeping a pebble in your mouth will likely keep your mouth closed and thereby not losing extra moisture to evaporation.

From WebMD:

Saliva is a clear liquid made by several glands in your mouth area.

Saliva is an important part of a healthy body. It is mostly made of water. But saliva also contains important substances that your body needs to digest food and keep your teeth strong.

Saliva is important because it:

•Keeps your mouth moist and comfortable
•Helps you chew, taste, and swallow
•Fights germs in your mouth and prevents bad breath
•Has proteins and minerals that protect tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay and gum disease
•Helps keep dentures securely in place

You make saliva when you chew. The harder you chew, the more saliva you make. Sucking on a hard candy or cough drop helps you make saliva, too.

The glands that make saliva are called salivary glands. The salivary glands sit inside each cheek, at the bottom of your mouth, and near your front teeth by the jaw bone.

There are six major salivary glands and hundreds of minor ones. Saliva moves through tubes called salivary ducts.

Normally, the body makes up to 2 to 4 pints of saliva a day. Usually, the body makes the most saliva in the late afternoon. It makes the least amount at night.

But everyone is different. What doctors consider to be a normal amount of saliva varies quite a bit. That makes diagnosing saliva problems a bit of a challenge.

Too Little Saliva-

Certain diseases and medicines can affect how much saliva you make. If you do not make enough saliva, your mouth can become quite dry. This condition is called dry mouth (xerostomia).

Dry mouth causes the gums, tongue, and other tissues in the mouth to become swollen and uncomfortable. Germs thrive in this type of setting. A germy, dry mouth leads to bad breath.

Dry mouth also makes you more likely to develop rapid tooth decay and gum (periodontal) disease. That's because saliva helps clear food particles from your teeth. This helps reduce your risk for cavities.

If you have dry mouth, you may also notice you do not taste things like you used to.


P.S. Quartz pebbles or similar stones are the best to use.

Stay Prepared! Stay Alive!


Thursday, January 28, 2016

No One Should Die of Hypothermia

If you watch the local or national news from time to time it would have been hard to miss the story of missing Country Western singer Craig Strickland, who was missing for over a week, until he was found dead, of Hypothermia.

The Oklahoma Highway Patrol Marine Enforcement Division found the country singer’s body in Bear Creek Cove on Monday, over a week after Strickland went missing during a duck hunting trip. The 29-year-old’s wife, Helen, says in a new post that he died of hypothermia.

“The night of the accident he had fought his way out of the water and up a hill before the stages of hypothermia set in,” she wrote on Instagram. “He experienced no pain in his final moments and simply felt like he was falling asleep.”

According to the Mayo Clinic - Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia occurs as your body temperature passes below 95 F (35 C).

When your body temperature drops, your heart, nervous system and other organs can't work normally. Left untreated, hypothermia can eventually lead to complete failure of your heart and respiratory system and to death.

Hypothermia is most often caused by exposure to cold weather or immersion in a cold body of water. Primary treatments for hypothermia are methods to warm the body back to a normal temperature.

In other words Be Able to Build A Fire!

How hard would it be to carry a water proof container with a lighter, some greased cotton balls, dyer lint, water proof matches and/or a fire striker? In fact, if you are out on the water or are leaving your survival camp during a rain or threat of thunderstorm, why not pre-build your fire pit and have kindling and wood collected and ready so if you became submersed or drenched you could much quicker build a fire to warm up and dry out. 

Stay Prepared! Stay Alive!


Monday, January 4, 2016

Snow As A Source Of Survival Water

When the desert sees its share of snow, it does not usually last very long. As seen in the video, we received 6 1/2 inches of snow in one day. In 4 days all the snow had mostly melted away with the exception of the mountain areas. This was in Southern New Mexico, where 3 inches around this time of year is average.

Snow melts more slower in shadowy areas, like the north side of the sand dunes as seen in the video where the sun does not get to at this time of year.

The snow can be melted and drank as is if it was taken from a clean area of the ground. There is caution given about eating snow without first melting it. The caution being that doing so would lower your body core temperature making you more prone to hypothermia.

If the weather is warm and you need to hydrate, consuming small amounts of un-melted snow should not be a large factor.

In the video I gave a demonstration about how much water you would get if you melted the snow first. In this demonstration the snow was semi-wet and compacted very well. A one gallon plastic bag produced about a half gallon of water. Had the snow been more powdery and harder to compact, it would produce even less. Heating the snow in a fire would cause even more of the liquid to evaporate.

Water can still be found if all the ground snow was gone and the ground was still moist. As shown in the above picture and as demonstrated in the video, you can dig below ground and have a good chance of getting enough water to drink.

Stay Prepared! Stay Alive!